A picture of a Pineapple Plant

Pineapple Plant

Ananas comosus

Also known as

Pina, Pinapple, Ananas

കൈതച്ചക്ക by Malayalam Wikipedia (CC BY 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Fruits are ripe when they are yellow and can be cut or broken off their stalks. Allow unblemished fruit to ripen.

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A photo of Pineapple Plant
A photo of Pineapple Plant
A photo of Pineapple Plant
A photo of Pineapple Plant

Pineapple Plant Overview

Pineapples are an easy to grow, low-maintenance plant that produce beautiful egg-shaped, violet-red to purple flowers. Each plant produces one fruit and the shoot it was borne on dies back or is cut off. Pineapples can be cultivated from a crown cutting of the fruit, which can flower in 2 years and fruits in the following 6 months. The fruits can be eaten fresh, cooked, juiced, or preserved but eating unripe fruit can cause throat irritation and act as a strong purgative. Some people get hives after eating fresh pineapple. Pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fibre (piña) in the Philippines, and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.

Common problems with Pineapple Plant

The most common insect infestations from Mealybugs and several species of mite. H. arator is another possible pest if you're located in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Pineapple can be impacted by several diseases that include Pink Disease, Bacterial Heart Rot, Anthracnose, Fungal Heart Rot, Root Rot, Butt Rot, Fruit Core Rot, and Yellow Spot Virus.

Pineapple Plant Companion Plants

Pineapples are best grown on their own when growing in pots or with plants of similar water and drainage requirements.

How to propagate Pineapple Plant


Plant crowns and saplings 5-10 cm deep and 80 cm apart. Make sure to remove all the fruit flesh and all the small bottom leaves before planting.


Crown cuttings should be planted 10-15 cm deep.


Plant rhizomes 10-15 cm deep.


Plant your sucker in a hole 5-10 cm deep, push the soil back in and firm it around the base. Make sure the soil is moist. Remove any leaves before planting.

Special features of Pineapple Plant

Pot plant

Pineapples make good pot plants, as they do not have a large root system.

Attractive fruits

Attractive flowers

Attracts birds

Attracts sugarbirds and hummingbirds

Other uses of Pineapple Plant

These plants are grown for its variegated foliage and edible fruit. Ornamental, container, indoors, greenhouse. The fruit contains the enzyme bromelain, which breaks down proteins, which makes it a good meat tenderiser. Some people are allergic to it and have rashes and hives. However it is used in traditional medicine to treat parasites, stomach problems and bring on abortion or menses. The leaves of the plant are also used for fibre to make fine fabric for embroidery work or paper.


The fruits are edible and can be eaten fresh, dried, cooked, juiced, or preserved.


The pineapple leaves are used to produce the textile fiber piña in the Philippines and is also used as a component for wallpaper and other furnishings.

Flowers | Indoor Plants

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