Common Agapanthus

Agapanthus praecox

Blue Lily, African Lily, Bloulelie, Agapant (Afr.), Isicakathi (Xhosa), Ubani (Zulu)

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Agapanthus praecox is a popular blue or white flowering evergreen perennial with ribbon-like leaves. Well placed in borders and on mass for a striking visual display. Probably the most cultivated flower, found in gardens across South Africa. Hardy and waterwise with a thick rhizome to carry through droughts. Easy to grow, but must receive some water in summer to thrive. The long stems give rise to blue or white balls of flowers, these are often used as cut flowers. It can grow in full sun to partial shade, but with less light will likely produce fewer flowers, especially in more shady areas. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Western Cape.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer

Harvesting

Harvest seeds after flowering (when the capsules have dried out). Cut flower stalks during flowering for a beautiful display in a vase.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds in autumn. Sowing depth should be 1.5 times deeper than the size of the seed. Germination time between 2-3 weeks.

Division

The best time to lift and divide agapanthus is Autumn after they have finished flowering. Evergreen varieties should be divided once every four years to continue producing good flowers.

Rhizomes

Divide the tuberous rhizomes in winter when the plant is dormant.

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Attract insescts including bees and butterflies.

Attracts birds

Attract insect eating birds and nectar-loving birds.

Pot plant

Popular pot plant

Drought resistant

This species can withstand drought periods, as it fleshy rhizomes stores water reserves.

Attractive flowers

Attracts bees

Special features

Origin

Western and Eastern Cape of South Africa.

Natural climate

Medium to high rainfall regions (500-2000mm per year).

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Chalk, Clay

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline, Acid

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Personality

Family

Amaryllidaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Blue, White

Scent

None

Related Problems

Credits

profile iconAgapanthus praecox
by Alice Notten, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, January 2004 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

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