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Celtis africana

African White Stinkwood, Mpopano

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This is an excellent landscaping tree, gives full shade in summer and can grow under a wide range of conditions. It is a medium to large sized deciduous tree and the small yellow fruits are enjoyed by birds. Tree can be easily confused with Celtis sinensis (Chinese white stinkwood). This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest seeds in summer.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time in Autumn; Germination time about 15-30days.

Special features

Attracts birds

Birds like, rameron pigeons, willow warblers, black-eyed bulbuls, mousebirds and crested barbets feed on the berries.

Attracts useful insects

Celtis africana leaves are food for the larvae of the long-nosed butterfly.

Drought resistant

Special features

Origin

Africa, south of the Sahara

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Brack/Saline

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Notes

Landscaping, timber and to attract birds.

Personality

Family

Cannabaceae

Flower colour

Green

Scent

None

Problems

Generally problem free

Credits

profile iconCeltis africana
by Giles Mbambezeli & Alice Notten, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, January 2003. Updated July 2008 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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