Bush Lily

Clivia miniata

Clivia, Natal Lily, September Lily, St. John's Lily, Boslelie (Afr.), Umayime (Zulu)

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A close up of a flower
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This is the plant we all know as Clivia. Pretty orange trumpet-shaped flowers during spring on a long flowering stalk. Easily cultivated and very rewarding with a striking display of flowers when they bloom. It is also the most frequently hybridized Clivia and the plant we often have in our homes and see in garden centres. Many hybrids have been registered! The natural yellow form is known as Clivia miniata var. citrina. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring

Fruiting time

Autumn, Winter, Spring

Harvesting

Seeds can be harvested by removing them out of the berries as soon as the berry is mature(colored red or yellow) and starts to soften. The seeds should be washed with water and a few drops of dishwashing liquid.

Propagation

Seed

Harvest seed from the berries when they turn red. Sow fresh seed immediately without allowing the seed to dry. Cover with a thin layer of soil and keep moist.

Suckers

Large clumps can be split up using two forks to lever them apart or individual plants can be removed using a clean, sharp spade.

Suckers

Do not remove the suckers too soon! Wait until they have developed roots(at least two years).

Division

Large clumps can be split up using two forks to lever them apart or individual plants can be removed using a clean, sharp spade.

Special features

Drought resistant

Watering can be greatly reduced during the winter months, when the plants are at rest.

Pot plant

They should be grown in a well drained potting medium which has plenty of compost added.

Attractive leaves

Dark green, strap-shaped leaves sometimes with variegated stripes on them.

Attractive fruits

Attracts birds

Attractive flowers

The normal colour of the flowers is orange with a yellowish-white throat, although a colour range from whitish yellow through pale oranges, dark orange and approaching red is known.

Special features

Origin

South Africa, from the Eastern Cape Province to Kwazulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Swaziland.

Natural climate

Summer rainfall, forest floor

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Full Shade, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Medicinal

Used in traditional medicine

Personality

Family

Amaryllidaceae

Flower colour

Orange, Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Aphids, Lily borer, Mealy bug, Red spider mite, Slugs, and Snails, Snout beetle.

Companion plants

Credits

profile iconClivia miniata
by Alice Aubrey, Witwatersrand National Botanical Garden, August 2001 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)