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A picture of a Grahamstown Cycad

Grahamstown Cycad

Encephalartos caffer

Also known as

Rhini Cycad, Kafferkie, Broodboom (Afr.), uMphanga wase Rhini (Nguni)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

8a-11b

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

1m

50cm

Min

50cm

More images

A photo of Grahamstown Cycad
A photo of Grahamstown Cycad
A photo of Grahamstown Cycad
A photo of Grahamstown Cycad
A photo of Grahamstown Cycad

Overview

This Dwarf cycad is indigenous to grassveld habitats of the Eastern Cape coastal districts. It has a subterranean stem with only the apex of the crown visible. Leaves are olive-green and 40 - 90 cm in length. Female cones are cylindrical, lime-green, 30 cm in length and produce red seeds. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal.

Common problems

Generally problem free.

    Harvesting

    Harvest seed when mature and starting to loosen from the cone.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Sow fresh mature seed in sandy soil.

    Suckers

    Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

    Special Features

    Pot plant

    Indoor plant

    Drought resistant

    Attractive leaves

    Uses

    Ornamental

    Edible

    The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!