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A picture of a Maputaland Cycad

Maputaland Cycad

Encephalartos ferox

Also known as

Zululand Cycad, Tongaland Cycad, Maputalandbroodboom, Tongalandbroodboom (Afr.), Umthobane, Uthobani (Zulu), Chihanga (Thonga)

Partial Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

8a-11b

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

2m

1m

Min

1m

More images

A photo of Maputaland Cycad
A photo of Maputaland Cycad
A photo of Maputaland Cycad
A photo of Maputaland Cycad
A photo of Maputaland Cycad

Overview

The Zululand cycad is endemic to the sub-tropical East coast of Southern Africa. Leaves are dark-green and 1 - 2 m in length. Cones are bright salmon-pink to orange-red and scarlet. Female plants sometimes produce golden-yellow cones. Female cones are egg-shaped, 25 - 50 cm in length and produce red to pink or orange seeds. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal.

Common problems

Generally problem free. Monitor for Scale Insects.

Harvesting

Harvest seed when mature and sow immediately.

Propagation

Seed

Sow mature seed immediately in sandy soil that drains well.

Suckers

Allow suckers to grow attached to the motherplant for about two years until they have enough reserves to survive on their own. Remove with a clean cut and use flowers-of-sulphar to help the wounds to heal.

Special Features

Pot plant

Drought resistant

Indoor plant

Attractive leaves

Attracts birds

Uses

Ornamental

Edible

The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!