A picture of a Natal Cycad

Natal Cycad

Encephalartos natalensis

Also known as

Natal Giant Cycad, Natalbroodboom (Afr.), Umguza, Umphanga (Xhosa), Isigqikisomkhovu, Umhlungulo (Zulu), Prickly cycad, Kaffir bread, Karoo cycad, Cycad

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Tender

8a-11b

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

5m

Max

5m

3m

Min

3m

0

More images of Natal Cycad

A photo of Natal Cycad
A photo of Natal Cycad
A photo of Natal Cycad
A photo of Natal Cycad

Natal Cycad Overview

This Natal Giant Cycad, Encephalartos natalensis is indigenous to KwaZulu-Natal and differs from the Eastern Cape giant cycad by having a number of prickles at the base of each leaf-stalk. Mid-green leaves are glossy and 1.3-3 m in length. Female plants produce 3-4 egg-shaped cones per crown. Cones are 50-60cm in length and produce red seeds. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga.

Common problems with Natal Cycad

Generally problem free, but scout for mealy bug and scale insects!

    How to harvest Natal Cycad

    Harvest seed when mature and sow immideately.

    How to propagate Natal Cycad

    Seed

    Sow fertile seed while fresh in well-draining soil mixture.

    Special features of Natal Cycad

    Pot plant

    Attractive leaves

    Drought resistant

    Indoor plant

    Other uses of Natal Cycad

    Grown for their palm like appearance.

    Edible

    The Afrikaans name 'Broodboom' came from the traditional use of the pith as bread - note that Cycads is toxic and it needs a 3month fermentation process to break down those toxins!

    Edible

    Medicinal