Cabbage

Brassica oleracea var. capitata

Cabbage , Kool (Afr.)

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Cabbage is a leafy vegetable that produces large heads of compact leaves. Cabbages belong to the Mustard family that include broccoli, cauliflowers, kale and Brussel Sprouts. They are mild, sweet and have a slightly peppery flavour, can be used freshly cut, cooked, added to soups and used in side dishes. Cabbages prefer growing in cooler temperatures and thrive during winter in warmer climates.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Cabbage heads are ready to harvest within 3-4 months after sowing. Cut head at ground level when they are firm to the touch to eat fresh or pick heads that are firm and solid with no outer leaves that have lost their green colour, pulling up the entire plant and roots for storing.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds thinly in Summer, 6-12 mm deep and 15-20 cm apart. It will give seedlings time to grow vegetative before the colder climate sets in and help to form a sweet and good 'head'. Germination takes 10-14 days.

Special features

Crop rotation

Rotate crops annually to avoid pests and diseases and don't grow brassicas on the same plot more than once every three years. Moving the crop helps avoid the build-up of soil pests and diseases.

Special features

Origin

Europe 1000BC

Natural climate

Cool season

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand, Compost, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Contain Vitamin C and K as well as dietary fibre.

Edible

The edible leaves are mild, sweet, and have a peppery flavour that softens with cooking. They are great shredded for salads, added to soups or cooked as a side dish.

Personality

Family

Brassicaceae

Flower colour

Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Cabbage white butterflies, aphids, flea beetles, and cabbage worm.

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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