Black Mulberry

Morus nigra

Toot Tree, Common Mulberry, Persian Mulberry, Sycamine Tree, Moerbei, Mulberry

profile iconMorus nigra fruits
by User:Haplochromis (CC BY 2.5)
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A close up of a Morus nigra with leaves and fruits
profile iconMorus nigra fruits
by User:Haplochromis (CC BY 2.5)
1 of 6
Morus nigra is typically grown for its refreshingly succulent, sweet and tangy dark red or purple fruits. Also known as the black mulberry tree, this species has played an important role in the culinary world for centuries, as an aesthetically beautiful edible tree. It is also important in medicinal applications, known for it health benefits, such as being high in antioxidants. In comparison​ to the red- or white mulberry tree that you might know, it is the smallest tree of the three and bears the largest, and according to some, the most delicious fruit.
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Flowering time


Fruiting time



Harvest fruit fresh daily as soon as the entire berries are a deep, all over colour and easily removed from the stalk. You could shake the tree and try to catch the berries in a net underneath! The fruit fall as soon as fully ripe, it is best, therefore, to grow the tree in short grass to cushion the fall of the fruit, but to still make it possible to easily find and harvest.



Cuttings of half-ripe wood and mature wood of the current season's growth grows easily. Bury the cuttings to threequarters of their depth and keep moist.


Sow outdoors in autumn-winter; spacing them 4-6 m apart, germination time - 1-3 months. Keep moist! In Europe, seed propagation works best with seeds that have been harvested from ripe fruits. These need to be washed to prevent mould and kept in the fridge for 2-3 months. Sow in spring in a propagator in a sunny location.

Special features

Repels harmful insects

Notably resistant to honey fungus.

Pot plant

Suitable for growing in containers outdoors.

Attractive fruits

Attracts birds

The ripe fruit is very attractive to various birds.

Crop rotation

Medium feeder

Special features


Southwestern Asia.

Natural climate

Temperate to warm



Full Sun

Soil moisture


Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness




Ripe fruits are used to make jams, jellies, and syrups. The leaves make a good vegetable, cooked or dried. The leaves are the preferred feedstock for silkworms and other livestock.


The leaves, bark and fruits are used in Chinese medicine for coughs, colds, diabetes and constipation. It is also used to treat snakebites, among other illnesses across the world. There is a long history of medicinal use in Chinese medicine and all parts of this plant are used in some way or another.




Flower colour

Yellow, White, Green




Cankers and dieback can occur.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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