Toot Tree, Common Mulberry, Persian Mulberry, Sycamine Tree, Moerbei, Mulberry
Morus nigra is typically grown for its refreshingly succulent, sweet and tangy dark red or purple fruits. Also known as the black mulberry tree, this species has played an important role in the culinary world for centuries, as an aesthetically beautiful edible tree. It is also important in medicinal applications, known for it health benefits, such as being high in antioxidants. In comparison to the red- or white mulberry tree that you might know, it is the smallest tree of the three and bears the largest, and according to some, the most delicious fruit.
Harvest fruit fresh daily as soon as the entire berries are a deep, all over colour and easily removed from the stalk. You could shake the tree and try to catch the berries in a net underneath! The fruit fall as soon as fully ripe, it is best, therefore, to grow the tree in short grass to cushion the fall of the fruit, but to still make it possible to easily find and harvest.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood and mature wood of the current season's growth grows easily. Bury the cuttings to threequarters of their depth and keep moist.
Sow outdoors in autumn-winter; spacing them 4-6 m apart, germination time - 1-3 months. Keep moist! In Europe, seed propagation works best with seeds that have been harvested from ripe fruits. These need to be washed to prevent mould and kept in the fridge for 2-3 months. Sow in spring in a propagator in a sunny location.
Repels harmful insects
Notably resistant to honey fungus.
Suitable for growing in containers outdoors.
The ripe fruit is very attractive to various birds.
Temperate to warm
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Ripe fruits are used to make jams, jellies, and syrups. The leaves make a good vegetable, cooked or dried. The leaves are the preferred feedstock for silkworms and other livestock.
The leaves, bark and fruits are used in Chinese medicine for coughs, colds, diabetes and constipation. It is also used to treat snakebites, among other illnesses across the world. There is a long history of medicinal use in Chinese medicine and all parts of this plant are used in some way or another.
Yellow, White, Green
Cankers and dieback can occur.