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A picture of a Cherry Tree

Cherry Tree

Prunus avium

Also known as

Sweet Cherry, Wild Cherry, Kersie (Afr.)

Prunus avium, blossom, Metylovická pahorkatina 03 by Daniel Baránek (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

Max

8m

Min

8m

25 years to reach maturity

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Fruit are hand-picked when ripe.

More images

Flowering Cherry (Prunus-avium)
Prunus avium fruit
Prunus avium1
A photo of Cherry Tree
A photo of Cherry Tree

Overview

Tall and attractive, the Wild Cherry, Prunus avium, is a deciduous tree that speaks to almost all the senses with its fragrant white-pink flowers in spring, its orange, pink & red leaf-jacket in autumn and the small tasteful deep-red fruits that are known across the world. It has culinary & medicinal applications. It is ornamentally cultivated as a flowering tree or grown for the delicious fruit. This tree can survive in a wide range of habitats and is a beautiful addition to an informal garden.

Common problems

Companion plants

Other Cherry trees will help with better pollination and fruitset.

Propagation

Cuttings

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, winter in a frame. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame.

Seed

Sowing time - Winter. Germination time - Seed needs 3 months of cold to break dormancy period and will sprout in Spring.

Suckers

They produce quite a lot of suckers and can form thickets, especially if the main trunk is felled.

Special Features

Autumn colour

The leaves turn orange, pink or red before falling.

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects such as bees during blossom time.

Attracts birds

The fruit are readily eaten by numerous kinds of birds.

Repels harmful insects

The tree exudes a gum from wounds in the bark, by which it seals the wounds to exclude insects and fungal infections.

Attractive flowers

Uses

Culinary

Medicinal

Fruit stalks are astringent, diuretic and tonic. A decoction is used in the treatment of cystitis, oedema, bronchial complaints, looseness of the bowels and anaemia, amongst other treatments.

Edible

Fruit is eaten fresh, in tarts, as a dessert, frozen, candied, pickled, in sweet & sour dishes or preserved in jams, liqueurs & syrups. Otherwise eaten by birds, animals & various insects.

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