Sweet Cherry, Wild Cherry, Kersie (Afr.)
Tall and attractive, the Wild Cherry, Prunus avium, is a deciduous tree that speaks to almost all the senses with its fragrant white-pink flowers in Spring, its orange, pink & red leaf-jacket in Autumn and the small tasteful deep-red fruits that are known across the world. It has culinary & medicinal applications. It is ornamentally cultivated as a flowering tree or grown for the delicious fruit. This tree can survive in a wide range of habitats and is a beautiful addition to an informal garden.
Fruit are hand-picked when ripe.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, winter in a frame. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame.
Sowing time - Winter. Germination time - Seed needs 3 months of cold to break dormancy period and will sprout in Spring.
They produce quite a lot of suckers and can form thickets, especially if the main trunk is felled.
The leaves turn orange, pink or red before falling.
Attracts useful insects
Attracts insects such as bees during blossom time.
The fruit are readily eaten by numerous kinds of birds.
Repels harmful insects
The tree exudes a gum from wounds in the bark, by which it seals the wounds to exclude insects and fungal infections.
Europe & Western Asia.
Cool to temperate
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Fruit stalks are astringent, diuretic and tonic. A decoction is used in the treatment of cystitis, oedema, bronchial complaints, looseness of the bowels and anaemia, amongst other treatments.
Fruit is eaten fresh, in tarts, as a dessert, frozen, candied, pickled, in sweet & sour dishes or preserved in jams, liqueurs & syrups. Otherwise eaten by birds, animals & various insects.
May get aphids, caterpillars, leaf-mining moths and bullfinches. May be affected by silver leaf, bacterial canker and blossom wilt.
Other Cherry trees will help with better pollination and fruitset.