Moonaona, Buffalo Thorn Tree, Blinkblaar-Wag-'N-Bietjie Boom(Afr.), Mphasamhala
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Small to medium size tree with spreading canopy. Thorns facing 'forward and back' and zigzag stems when young. It was used to face to the future and past in traditional Zulu and Sotho culture and a tree planted when a chief passed away as part of the burial ceremony. The wood proved to be strong timber for kraal posts. During Autumn the leaves turn yellow, adding color to the scene. National tree of South Africa 2017. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape.
Roots and bark are used medicinal and harvested as needed. Seed stay on the tree for long times and can be picked during winter.
Fresh seed works best- remove the hard outer layer with a nut cracker and soak in warm water for 2 days. Place in moist sand to allow germination. Usually seedlings will start to grow in 2 weeks!
Often plated to form dense hedging or kraal to keep cattle safe from wild animals.
Attracts useful insects
Summer rainfall areas throughout Africa.
Loam, Sand, Clay
Soil PH preference
Insects and other wild gazers love the leaves!