Mokgalô

Ziziphus mucronata

Moonaona, Buffalo Thorn Tree, Blinkblaar-Wag-'N-Bietjie Boom(Afr.), Mphasamhala

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Small to medium size tree with spreading canopy. Thorns facing 'forward and back' and zigzag stems when young. It was used to face to the future and past in traditional Zulu and Sotho culture and a tree planted when a chief passed away as part of the burial ceremony. The wood proved to be strong timber for kraal posts. During Autumn the leaves turn yellow, adding color to the scene. National tree of South Africa 2017. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Roots and bark are used medicinal and harvested as needed. Seed stay on the tree for long times and can be picked during winter.

Propagation

Seed

Fresh seed works best- remove the hard outer layer with a nut cracker and soak in warm water for 2 days. Place in moist sand to allow germination. Usually seedlings will start to grow in 2 weeks!

Special features

Hedge plant

Often plated to form dense hedging or kraal to keep cattle safe from wild animals.

Attracts birds

Attracts useful insects

Autumn colour

Yellow leaves.

Special features

Origin

Summer rainfall areas throughout Africa.

Natural climate

Hot interior

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Clay

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Notes

Culinary

Personality

Family

Rhamnaceae

Flower colour

Green, Yellow

Scent

None

Problems

Insects and other wild gazers love the leaves!

Credits

profile iconZiziphus mucronata
by Nombulelo Mazibuko, Kwazulu-Natal Herbarium, April 2007 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

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