Foeniculum vulgare var. purpurea
Brons Vinkel (Afr.)
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Bronze Fennel produces feathery leaves coloured copper-purple. It is a flowering plant species in the carrot family, Apiaceae. This hardy, perennial herb produces yellow flowers. It is a tall-growing plant with leaves that have a liquorice-like taste. It is grown for culinary, medicinal and cosmetic purposes.
To harvest the seeds, allow seed heads to dry on the plants, remove carefully and collect the seeds. When the seed heads are brown and dry, harvest them by cutting them into a paper bag. Store them in a dry place. The seeds are easily separated from the heads by rubbing them lightly between your thumb and fingers.
It is easily propagated by seeds. Plant them 25 to 30cm apart and then thin them out or replant.
Attracts useful insects
It attracts beneficial insects and feeds the caterpillars that morph into swallowtail butterflies.
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.
Fennel can be used as a high hedge; its value in the landscape changes to one of screening, dividing or hiding parts of the garden.
Flat-topped, sulphur-yellow flower heads.
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Soil PH preference
It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb added to meals to help relieve flatulence. It soothes coughs and is part of cough remedies. It stimulate milk production in nursing mothers. A tea will soothe sore throat.
Leaves, flowers and seeds are edible with a licorice flavor. It often is part of weight loss recipes.
Essential oil is used in aromatherophy.
Caterpillars are sometimes found in the summer. Larvae of swallowtail butterflies, aphids, slugs and snails. Disease is rarely a problem.