Sage

Salvia officinalis

Garden Sage, Culinary Sage, Common Sage , Salie (Afr.)

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Sage is an attractive, hardy, low maintenance plant that can tolerate poor soil conditions and drought. This plant comes in many cultivars that have multicoloured leaves. It has many uses, including culinary, medicinal, insect repellent or ornamental.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Leaves can be harvested throughout the year, preferably before the flowers open. Harvest lightly in the first year to ensure that the plant grows fully. Sage is best fresh but can be frozen or dried.

Propagation

Seed

Start seeds indoors in frost areas 6-10 weeks before transplanting or sow seeds directly in Spring and Summer. Germination takes 2 weeks.

Cuttings

Take half ripe stem or shoot cuttings 5-10 cm long or mature cuttings 7-10 cm long from Spring to Autumn and plant out directly. Keep moist until well-rooted

Division

Divide plants in Spring.

Layering

Air layer in Spring or Autumn.

Special features

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Repels harmful insects

Sage repels ants, black flea beetle, cabbage fly, cabbage looper and cabbage maggot.

Drought resistant

Pot plant

Sage makes a good potted plant, but provide good drainage.

Special features

Origin

Europe and the Mediterranean.

Natural climate

Mediterranean

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand, Chalk, Compost

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Edible

The leaves are edible and have a savoury, slightly peppery flavour. The flowers and leaves can be eaten raw, cooked, boiled or pickled.

Medicinal

Used as a homoeopathic medicine. The oil is thought to have astringent and stimulant properties and soothe muscle stiffness, rheumatism, and neuralgic conditions. It is antiseptic and anti-viral.

Personality

Family

Lamiaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Blue

Scent

Mild

Problems

Sage is susceptible to stem rot and whiteflies.