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A picture of a Caraway

Caraway

Carum carvi

Also known as

Meridian Fennel, Persian Cumin, Karwy (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

50cm

30cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Caraway Overview

Caraway is an easy to grow, low maintenance biennial. The leaves, fruits, flowers and root is edible and can be eaten in a variety of ways - raw, ground, whole, cooked, dried or boiled. It also has medicinal properties that help prevent bloating, cramping and flatulence. It is a remedy for colds and congestion, treat disorders such as rheumatism, eye infections and toothaches.

Common problems with Caraway

Caraway has few pest or disease problems but may be bothered by parsley caterpillar. Caterpillars can be picked off the plant by hand.

    Caraway Companion Plants

    Peas

    How to harvest Caraway

    Harvest fruits, used as seeds in late summer when they turn a rich brown and begin to dry. Harvest leaves in the first or second year for salads. Dig up roots in the plant's second autumn and use as a root vegetable. Cut off the flowers, let them dry in a paper bag and then shake the bag to remove the caraway spice.

    How to propagate Caraway

    Seed

    Sow seeds 5 mm deep in Spring/Autumn, 20-30 cm apart. Germination is slow and sporadic. Resow yearly for consistent production.

    Cuttings

    Make cuttings from new growth in summer or autumn.

    Special features of Caraway

    Pot plant

    Caraway has a taproot and does not grow very well in a container shallower than 20 cm.

    Other uses of Caraway

    Culinary, medicinal, essential oils, teas

    Medicinal

    Caraway help to prevent bloating, cramping and flatulence. It is a remedy for colds and congestion, treat disorders such as rheumatism, eye infections and toothaches.

    Edible

    Roots, leaves, flowers, and fruits. The roots can be cooked like a vegetable; the leaves can be eaten raw, dried or cooked; and the fruits have a pungent, anise-like flavor.