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A picture of a Calendula


Calendula officinalis

Also known as

English Marigold, Common Marigold, Garden Marigold, Pot Marigold, Scottish Marigold, Gousblom (Afr.), Hen and chickens marigold, Scotch marigold, Golds

Calendula officinalis 3517 by Flominator (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Calendula

A close up of a orange Calendula officinalis flower
An orange flower on a green Calendula officinalis plant
A close up of a yellow Calendula officinalis flower
A photo of Calendula

Calendula Overview

Calendulas are easy to grow herbaceous perennials that are treated as annuals. They will grow in a variety of soil types and need a lot of water. Both the leaves and flowers are edible and make a pleasant tea in small doses. The leaves can be added to salads, and taste either bitter or sweet. Calendulas also make great companion plants as they attract pollinators. A beautiful yellow natural dye is made from the flower petals. It is used culinary, medicinal and cosmetic.

Common problems with Calendula

Not easily affected by pests or diseases.

Calendula Companion Plants


How to harvest Calendula

The flowers should be harvested when in bloom (Winter). Harvest flowers regularly to extend the flowering season.

How to propagate Calendula


Sow seed in situ from end of Summer to Autumn, about 6 mm deep. Germination takes 7-14 days.

Special features of Calendula

Crop rotation

Calendulas are light feeders and do not need a lot of nutrients.

Other uses of Calendula

Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic


Healing plant from Middle Ages times with anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties.


The leaves are sprinkled in salads, soups, caserols and pastas. Flowers have a peppery flavor, though some flowers can be more tangy or spicy, fresh. Also delicious in biscuits, cakes and muffins.

Flowers - Annuals to direct sow in September

There is still time to direct sow these hardy annuals where you want them to flower next spring.

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Flowers to Sow Outside in October

Direct sow these during October where you want them to flower next year!

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