Calendula

Calendula officinalis

Common Marigold, English Marigold, Garden Marigold, Gousblom (Afr.), Pot Marigold, Scottish Marigold (Eng.)

1 of 21
1 of 21
Calendulas are easy to grow herbaceous perennials that are treated as annuals. They will grow in a variety of soil types and need a lot of water. Both the leaves and flowers are edible and make a pleasant tea in small doses. The leaves can be added to salads, and taste either bitter or sweet. Calendulas also make great companion plants as they attract pollinators. A beautiful yellow natural dye is made from the flower petals. It is used culinary, medicinal and cosmetic.
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Winter

Fruiting time

Winter, Spring

Harvesting

The flowers should be harvested when in bloom (Winter). Harvest flowers regularly to extend the flowering season.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seed in situ from end of Summer to Autumn, about 6 mm deep. Germination takes 7-14 days.

Special features

Crop rotation

Special features

Origin

Southern Europe, Mediterranean, and parts of Asia.

Natural climate

Cool to temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Healing plant from Middle Ages times with anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties.

Edible

The leaves are sprinkled in salads, soups, caserols and pastas. Flowers have a peppery flavor, though some flowers can be more tangy or spicy, fresh. Also delicious in biscuits, cakes and muffins.

Notes

Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic

Personality

Family

Compositae

Flower colour

Orange, Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Not easily affected by pests or diseases.

Companion plants

Tomatoes
Free download for your phone or tablet
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play