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A picture of a Buckwheat

Buckwheat

Fagopyrum esculentum

Also known as

Beech Wheat, Bokwiet (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.5m

Max

50cm

50cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Buckwheat Overview

Fagopyrum esculentum produces edible seeds that make a gluten-free, very palatable flour, even though it is not related to wheat. Buckwheat is considered allelopathic; which suppresses the growth of other plants and make it a great “weed” control plant. It is used in the culinary world, as a medicinal plant, green manure, soil conditioner and as a cover crop.

Common problems with Buckwheat

Root rot - occur in cold, wetter conditions, best treat seeds with fungicide before planting.

Buckwheat Companion Plants

How to harvest Buckwheat

Harvest fresh leaves within three weeks of sowing. Flowers will begin to appear 4 - 5 weeks after sowing.

How to propagate Buckwheat

Seed

Sow during Spring or Summer with an optimum spacing of 10 - 15 cm. Sowing depth between 10 - 15 mm. An average germination time of 4 - 5 days can be expected.

Special features of Buckwheat

Attracts useful insects

Ladybugs, also attracts insects like Tanchinid flies and Hoverflies that is known to feed on pests that may harm the plant.

Crop rotation

A light feeder, its deep tap roots can break apart and open up heavy clay soils. Grow before soil crops like carrots, turnips and potatoes.

Other uses of Buckwheat

Culinary

Medicinal

Green manure

Cover crop

Soil conditioner

Wildflowers

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