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Garden Angelica

Angelica archangelica

Also known as

Holy Ghost, Wild Celery, Norwegian Angelica, Angelica Root, Engelwortel (Afr.), Archangel, Wild parsnip, Root of the Holy Ghost, St Michael's flower, Aunt Jericho, Angel's Fishing Rod, Ground ash

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2.5m

Max

1.5m

1.5m

Min

50cm

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Garden Angelica

A photo of Garden Angelica
A photo of Garden Angelica
A photo of Garden Angelica
A photo of Garden Angelica

Garden Angelica Overview

Angelica archangelica is a striking architectural plant with a bushy appearance and bright mid-green leaves that are divided into a 2-3 pinnate arrangement that produces ovate, toothed leaflets. It is a robust herbaceous plant that is often treated as a biennial. Remove seedheads, if it's required as a perennial, as it will die once it has flowered (monocarpic) - although it may take several years before it blooms in the first place. Also known as Angel's Fishing Rod or Angelica (amongst other names), it produces attractive, rounded umbels of pale yellow-green flowers early in summer. Its hollow stalks are ribbed and are edible - with a taste similar to celery, only sweeter. The whole plant gives off an attractive fragrance. The genus Angelica has a long history of cultivation for use in medicine, as a flavouring agent, and as a vegetable. The name Angelica is derived from the Latin word angelicus, which translates to "angel", and suggests divine healing powers. Best grown in deep, moist/poorly-drained, fertile soil, it is happy in a partially shaded or a sunny position, but avoid hot, dry conditions. Angelica archangelica is a suitable plant for the back of herb or flower borders, wildflower meadows, woodland settings or alongside water. It is part of the Royal Horticultural Society “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Common problems with Garden Angelica

Also susceptible to leaf-mining insects.

How to propagate Garden Angelica

Seed

Sow seeds shallowly in autumn. Germination takes 8-21 days. Transplant seedlings when they have their first set of true leaves and are still small.

Division

An otherwise easy plant to grow, take care with transplanting seedlings, moving them sooner rather than later, as older plants don't take well to disturbance.

Special features of Garden Angelica

Attracts useful insects

Crop rotation

Angelica is a heavy feeder and needs a lot of nutrients, crops should be rotated every two years.

Repels harmful insects

Deters hoverflies

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Garden Angelica

This species was valued for centuries for its medicinal properties to relieve toothache, to dispel 'phrenzies of the head' and to protect against the plague. The young stems are used, formerly cooked as a vegetable, nowadays most familiar as a candied green garnish for sweet dishes - either whole or finely chopped and have a liquorice flavour. A herbal tea can be made from the roots. An oil is extracted from the seeds and used as a flavouring or for perfume-making. It is suggested that pregnant women and diabetics do not ingest Angelica.

Medicinal

Used to treat colds, fever, congestion, digestion, help dispel gas, and calm a nervous stomach. Angelica root is warming and stimulating to the lungs, helping to ease chest congestion.

Edible

Roots, stems, seeds, leaves, and flowers are edible. The leaves can be dried and used in teas or as a seasoning.

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