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A picture of a Ginger

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Also known as

Common Ginger, Ginger Root, Gemmer (Afr.), Canton ginger, Stem ginger

Zingiber officinale20090705 46 by Bff (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Partial Shade
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

50cm

50cm

Min

10cm

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Ginger

Some green leaves of a Zingiber officinale plant
A Zingiber officinale plant
A photo of Ginger
A photo of Ginger
A group of green Zingiber officinale plants

Ginger Overview

Zingiber officinale is a perennial plant from the Zingiberaceae family, with long strap-like leaves and a pungent edible rhizome. It is commonly known by the names Ginger, Ginger Root or Common Ginger, amongst others. Growing to around 1m in height, it produces lance-shaped foliage coloured deep glossy green. The leaves measure up to 20cm in length, flowers are coloured purple, with yellow patterning. The blooms are surrounded by yellow-green modified leaves, known as bracts. The dried roots of this plant are the source for the ginger spice; they are used to make ginger ale and preserves, and also used as a flavouring enhancement in some of the world's most interesting cuisines. Growing your own is easy and rewarding. Once planted, Ginger only needs water and patience to mature into a delicious, spicy ingredient.

Common problems with Ginger

Treating seed with Bordeaux mixture prior to planting and solarizing the soil can help to reduce the incidence of the disease, Bacterial soft rot. Chinese rose beetles are attracted to dim light and repelled by bright light, shining a ​bright light on plants may help deter them from feeding.

    Ginger Companion Plants

    Basil, parsley, coriander, rocket, lettuce

    A photo of Sweet Basil

    Sweet Basil

    Ocimum basilicum

    A photo of Italian Parsley

    Italian Parsley

    Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum

    A photo of Rocket

    Rocket

    Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa

    How to harvest Ginger

    Rhizomes will be ready to harvest in autumn, approximately 8 months after planting. Harvest the rhizomes of the season's young shoots as the older rhizomes tend to be more fibrous. Allow the rhizomes to cure in the sun before storing them in a cool dry place.

    How to propagate Ginger

    Division

    Each piece of ginger requires 20 cm of space. Use larger pieces if you need to save space.

    Rhizomes

    Cut or break up the ginger rhizomes in little pieces with a couple of growing buds each. Plant rhizomes as soon as the nodules start to swell and sprout.

    Seed

    Propagation is from fresh seeds.

    Special features of Ginger

    Crop rotation

    Medium Feeder

    Indoor plant

    Ginger makes an ideal houseplant.

    Attractive flowers

    Other uses of Ginger

    Culinary, medicinal

    Medicinal

    Ginger is used to treat various disorders such as nausea and arthritis pain.

    Edible

    Ginger is delicious fresh, dried or pickled.