Sweet Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce

Florence Fennel, Finocchio, Florentynse Vinkel (Afr.), Vinkel (Afr.)

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Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce is commonly known as Sweet Fennel or Florence Fennel. This flowering plant resides in the Apiaceae family, it produces a delicately flavoured bulb, which is widely grown and consumed as a vegetable, called Fennel. It is grown ornamentally for the edible foliage and swollen leaf bases (bulbs), all parts of the plant are fragrant and can be used in cooking.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Blanch the fennels bulbs by covering the plant base with soil. The bulbs will begin to thicken towards the end of the summer. Harvest the bulbs in autumn when they are about 10 cm in diameter. It is important to keep the plant well watered to encourage it

Propagation

Seed

Planting fennel is easy as seeds can be sown directly into garden soil. Seeds can also be grown in containers and should be covered with a thin layer of potting soil.

Division

Fennel plants can be divided and moved as soon as top growth appears in the new season.

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Florence fennel attracts the mouse moth and the anise swallowtail.

Crop rotation

Light feeder

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

Mediterranean

Natural climate

Mediterranean

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam

Soil PH preference

Acid

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Edible

Leaves, flowers, seeds and bulbs are edible and used as a herb, spice or veggetable.

Notes

Culinary, medicinal, cosmetic

Personality

Family

Apiaceae

Flower colour

Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Fennel may be attacked by the parsley caterpillar which can be removed by hand. Generally, fennel has no other serious pest problems.

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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