Dill

Anethum graveolens

Dille (Afr.)

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Dill is a tall aromatic herb with fine blue-green leaves and produces airy umbrellas of yellow flowers in summer. Commonly grown for the culinary attributes of its leaves and seeds and used to flavour various foods and dishes. It's also grown as ornamental, as its distinctive foliage texture, flower colour and form make this plant a nice companion in a mixed border. Dill is not only used in the culinary and ornamental applications but also has various traditional medicinal uses. This beautiful and useful herb is a must-have for most temperate gardens and is an easy herb for beginning gardeners to grow.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer

Harvesting

The leaves ready to pick within 8-10 weeks of sowing. Cut back leaves often to prevent the plant from flowering and going to seed. The optimum time for harvesting is in the early morning. Dill weed is best harvested before the plant is fully mature and before the flower​ buds have opened. Dill seed is harvested at the end of the plant’s life cycle.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seed in Spring and Summer. Sow 6-8 mm deep; Germination time about 7-14 days.

Special features

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects lacewings and hoverflies

Repels harmful insects

Some compounds of dill (d-carvone is mentioned as one of them), when added to insecticides, have greatly increased the effectiveness of the insecticides.

Pot plant

Suitable for planting in large containers (deep roots of dill need deep containers), given loose rich soil and enough sunlight.

Indoor plant

Can be grown inside, given enough sunlight.

Drought resistant

Relatively drought tolerant due to taproot system.

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Special features

Origin

Southwestern Asia and Eurasia

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand, Compost

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Used in many traditional medicines, including those against jaundice, headache, boils, lack of appetite, stomach problems, nausea and liver problems.

Edible

Fresh & dried dill leaves (sometimes called "dill weed" to distinguish it from dill seed) are widely used as herbs in Europe & central Asia. The plant are used to flavor many foods & dishes.

Personality

Family

Apiaceae

Flower colour

Yellow, White

Scent

Mild

Related Problems

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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