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A picture of a Coriander

Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Also known as

Cilantro, Dhania, Koljander (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

3a-8b

USDA zone

-40°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

50cm

20cm

Min

20cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

Starr 070906-8875 Coriandrum sativum
Flor de Coentro
Starr 080117-1555 Coriandrum sativum
Coriandrum sativum - coriander flower
Abeillesx3

Overview

Coriandrum sativum is an annual herb that is often used in curries, chutneys and even soups. It is commonly called Coriander or Cilantro. Coriander is a multi-use plant that has also been used in homoeopathic digestive remedies. The umbels of purple flowers make it an attractive plant that can also be used in bedding displays for cottage-style gardens. It can be used as insect repellent too, the seeds and leaves are used in cooking, often with meat in the making of biltong.

Common problems

Aphids, various mites, thrips and whitefly. Check under the leaves and inspect regularly.

Companion plants

Harvesting

Harvest the young leaves constantly throughout the growing season though they do not store dry well. Freezing the fresh leaves is the best storage method. Let the seeds dry on the plants and harvest when brown.

Propagation

Seed

Sowing time ideally in spring/summer. The spacing between 15-20 cm with a sowing depth of 6-8 mm. Germination time on average is around 7-12 days. Thin or replant the little seedlings as soon as they can be handled.

Special Features

Attracts butterflies

Attracts bees

Repels harmful insects

Repels Aphids and Carrot Root Fly

Uses

Edible

Leaves are used to flavour spicy Asian or Middle Eastern dishes. The dried seeds is an important herb in biltong and boerewors. The leaves have a different taste from the seeds.

Insect repellent

The scent of the leaves keep flies away.

Medicinal

It has been used in several homoeopathic digestive remedies.

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