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A picture of a Brussel Sprouts

Brussel Sprouts

Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera Group) 'Long Island'

Also known as

Brusselse Spruite (Afr.)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Brussel Sprouts Overview

Long Island is a semi-dwarf variety of Brussel sprouts that produces numerous sprouts on self-supporting stems. The leaves are closely spaced, and produce a lot of tasty sprouts. A good choice for the home garden.

Common problems with Brussel Sprouts

Aphids, Harlequin bugs, cabbage loopers, diamondback moth, cabbageworm, cutworms, cabbage maggot, thrips, powdery mildew, rust, and webworms.

    Brussel Sprouts Companion Plants

    Onions, leeks, spring onions, celery, dill, rosemary, borage, nasturtiums, pelargoniums

    How to harvest Brussel Sprouts

    Sprouts and buds mature in 90-180 days. Wait until the sprouts or immature flower buds are between 2,5-3 cm wide and pick from the base upwards. Sprouts may be picked as they ripen. As the harvest slows, pinch the top of the plant to direct nutrients to the sprouts.

    How to propagate Brussel Sprouts


    Direct sow seeds or sow indoors, 30-45 cm apart and 1 cm deep in Spring to early Summer. Germination takes 10-21 days. Transplant seedlings when they have at least 3 leaf pairs.

    Special features of Brussel Sprouts

    Crop rotation

    Brussel Spouts are heavy feeders and need a lot of nutrients. Crops should be rotated more often than once every four years.

    Other uses of Brussel Sprouts