Also known as
Genovese Basil, Basil, Basiliekruid (Afr.), Bush basil, Dark opal basil, Common basil
This plant has a mild fragrance
More images of Sweet Basil
Sweet Basil Overview
Ocimum basilicum is known as Sweet Basil, it is an aromatic annual or biennial herb with a strong flavour that is used heavily in Italian cuisine. This is a great choice for baking due to its sweet taste. Easy to grow, maintain and can be grown in a container indoors. Sweet Basil can also be grown as an ornamental, it produces pretty, small white-pink flowers, with some cultivars producing more showy blooms. An infusion is used as a homoeopathic medicine to soothe a cough or treat cramping.
Common problems with Sweet Basil
Japanese beetles, and earwigs.
Sweet Basil Companion Plants
How to harvest Sweet Basil
Start harvesting the leaves when the plant is about 20 cm in height, pinch off flowers to lengthen the harvesting period. Leaves can be dried or preserved in olive oil.
How to propagate Sweet Basil
Sow seeds shallowly indoors in winter or outside from Springtime. Germination takes 7-14 days.
Take a 10 cm stem cutting from just below a leaf node from a stem that hasn't flowered. Remove the leaves 5 cm from the bottom end. Plant 5 cm deep. Keep moist or keep in a glass of water until well-rooted!
Special features of Sweet Basil
Basil is a medium feeder and needs a moderate amount of nutrients.
Can be grown in a container provided it is large enough.
Can be grown in a container indoors provided it receives a minimum of 6 hours of light and a moderate amount of water.
Other uses of Sweet Basil
Culinary, fragrance, conservatory
Sweet Basil can be used for various culinary dishes, including salads, vinaigrette, and pizzas. It is a popular ingredient of pesto.
Strong scent deters mosquitoes and flies.
A basil infusion is also used to soothe a cough or treat cramping.
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