3 years to reach maturity
This plant has a mild fragrance
More images of Artichoke
Cynara scolymus is grown mainly for the large edible flower buds, which are called artichokes. This plant is also considered highly ornamental and can be found in many flower gardens providing architectural interest and height to displays. It has dramatic, grey structural foliage and the striking purple flowers are sure to impress!
Artichoke Companion Plants
How to harvest Artichoke
Harvest the green flower buds before the scales or bracts have started to open. Remove the bud and 7.5-10 cm of the stem with a sharp knife or secateurs.
How to propagate Artichoke
Sow in Spring to Summer. Sowing depth ideally 6 mm. Germination time is between 12-18 days.
To keep stock young, divide plants every two to three years and space 1m apart. Also, remove new shoots from underground roots and transplant.
Special features of Artichoke
Attracts useful insects
Attracts insects like bees to the thistle flower.
The thick underground roots and grey-coloured leaves make it survive hot, dry times.
Other uses of Artichoke
Though not commonplace, Artichoke flower buds can be cooked and eaten.
Parts of the plant are used to make homoeopathic remedies for hangovers, IBS, kidney problems and anaemia