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A picture of a Mountain Pansy

Mountain Pansy

Viola lutea

Also known as

Mountain Vine, Mountain Violet

Viola lutea 05 by Meneerke bloem (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

7a

USDA zone

-18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

15cm

Max

25cm

8cm

Min

15cm

1 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Mountain Pansy

A close up of the delicate yellow flower of Viola lutea.
A small yellow flowering Mountain Pansy growing in amongst rough grasses.
A clump of yellow flowering Mountain pansy's, growing on a grasses bank.

Mountain Pansy Overview

Viola lutea is a creeping evergreen perennial native to west Europe. Commonly known as the Mountain Pansy, this delicate looking, but fully hardy wildflower produces typically yellow flowers in late spring and early summer, however they occasionally have purple or red blooms instead. Viola lutea is the main parent of the common garden pansy we enjoy in our bedding displays, but prefers to live above 200m (660ft) in upland pastures hence its common name of Mountain Pansy.

Common problems with Mountain Pansy

How to harvest Mountain Pansy

Seed can be collected in autumn once the seed heads have ripened. Store in paper bags/envelopes in a cool location ready to be used the following year.

How to propagate Mountain Pansy

Cuttings

In summer take stem cuttings - 5-7.5cm (2-3in) long - from this years non-flowering shoots. Cut just below a leaf joint (node) and remove the lower half of leaves. Insert these stems into pots of compost making sure the remaining leaves do not touch. Cover with plastic to maintain humidity and place in a spot that is warm and has plenty of but not direct light. Once the stems have produced roots, pot on into individual pots.

Division

Lift plants and split roots in autumn, replanting or re-potting straight away.

Seed

Between February and March, sow seeds into either trays, modules or pots of good quality seed compost. Maintain the temperature between 15-18°C (60-65°F) and ensure the compost is kept moist. Prick out seedlings - once large enough to handle - into individual 7.5 - 9cm (3 - 3.5in) pots or cell trays. Plant out plugs with the spacing of 15-23cm (6-9in) apart.

Special features of Mountain Pansy

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Other uses of Mountain Pansy

In addition to being used as bedding plants for pots, containers and summer displays, Viola lutea makes a lovely permanent addition to rock gardens, along walls and the partial shady areas of garden borders under roses and other deciduous shrubs