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A picture of a Royal Agave

Royal Agave

Agave victoriae-reginae

Also known as

Queen Victoria century plant

Queen Victoria Agave (Agave victoriae-reginae) by Brian Gratwicke (CC BY 2.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








7 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Royal Agave

A green flowering Agave victoriae-reginae plant in a glashouse
A photo of Royal Agave
A photo of Royal Agave
The flowering spike of a Agave victoriae-reginae plant in a glasshouse
A Agave victoriae-reginae in a pot in a glasshouse at The Newt in Somerset

Royal Agave Overview

Agave victoriae-reginae is a succulent, evergreen perennial species in the Asparagaceae family. It forms an attractive and regal rosette of thick, fleshy leaves with spines on the edges and tips. These may grow to around 30cm in length and they have delicate white markings on the straight edges. Cream-white blooms are borne on incredibly tall flowering structures, these can exceed 4.5m in height. This species, like any Agave, is termed monocarpic as after flowering, it dies. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit. It has a tufted habit and is not hardy, keep above freezing temperature, plant in a position of full sun, in well-draining soil for optimal growth.

Common problems with Royal Agave

Check for Scale Insects on leaves & flower stems.

How to harvest Royal Agave

Generally not harvested.

How to propagate Royal Agave


Separate rooted offsets in Spring.

Special features of Royal Agave

Indoor plant

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Royal Agave

This low maintenance plant is drought tolerant and suits being grown in containers indoors to provide architectural interest.