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A picture of a American Agave

American Agave

Agave americana

Also known as

American Aloe, Century Plant, Amerikaanse Aalwee, Blou-aalwee, Blougaringboom, Gareboom, Kaalgaarboom, Makaalwyn (Afr.), Xikwenga (Xitsonga), Lekhala (Sesotho), Pulque, Mexican soap plant, Maguey

Agave americana R01 by MJJR (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Tender

10b

USDA zone

2°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

3m

1m

Min

1m

20 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of American Agave

A photo of American Agave
A photo of American Agave
A photo of American Agave
A photo of American Agave
A photo of American Agave

American Agave Overview

Desert succulent with stiff sharply pointed and spiny edged blue green leaves in rosette formation. In the right conditions, it can grow large and strong providing a very dramatic statement in rock gardens. It will ultimately produce a very tall flower spike, after which the main plant dies, but it usually leaves behind numerous offshoots. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape.

Common problems with American Agave

You may notice sticky honeydew, sooty moulds and fouling of older foliage. Prolonged infestation causes weakened growth. This agave is also vulnerable to chlorosis if they experience a magnesium deficiency.

How to harvest American Agave

Generally not harvested

How to propagate American Agave

Seed

Sow in spring and keep at 21ºC

Division

Remove and plant offsets in spring or autumn.

Special features of American Agave

Indoor plant

Drought resistant

Pot plant

Wind break

Pioneer

Other uses of American Agave

This low maintenance plant is drought tolerant and suits being grown in containers indoors to provide architectural interest.

Houseplant

Medicinal