American Agave

Agave americana

American Aloe, Century Plant, Xikwenga

profile iconAgave americana R01
by MJJR (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 18
profile iconAgave americana R01
by MJJR (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 18
Desert succulent with stiff sharply pointed and spiny edged blue green leaves in rosette formation. In the right conditions, it can grow large and strong providing a very dramatic statement in rock gardens. It will ultimately produce a very tall flower spike, after which the main plant dies, but it usually leaves behind numerous offshoots. This is a common feature plant. ZA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Spring

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Seed

Sow in spring and keep at 21ºC

Division

Remove and plant offsets in spring or autumn.

Special features

Indoor plant

Drought resistant

Pot plant

Wind break

Pioneer

Special features

Origin

Mexico, Southwestern United States of America

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Notes

This low maintenance plant is drought tolerant and suits being grown in containers indoors to provide architectural interest.

Personality

Family

Asparagaceae

Flower colour

Green, Yellow

Scent

None

Problems

You may notice sticky honeydew, sooty moulds and fouling of older foliage. Prolonged infestation causes weakened growth. This agave is also vulnerable to chlorosis if they experience a magnesium deficiency.

Related Problems

Credits

profile iconAgave americana
by Cynthia Mikateko Baloyi and Dr Ronell R. Klopper, National Herbarium, Pretoria, August 2017 (Copyright South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa)
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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