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A picture of a Stone Pine

Stone Pine

Pinus pinea

Also known as

Umbrella Pine, Italian Stone Pine, Roman Pine, Parasol Pine, Kroondenneboom (Afr.), Sambreelden (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

8a

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

25m

Max

10m

5m

Min

7m

3 years to reach maturity

More images of Stone Pine

A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine
A photo of Stone Pine

Stone Pine Overview

Widely known for its edible seeds, the stone pine is an attractive large pine tree with a long trunk with multiple stems at the top that forks into an umbrella-shaped crown. They grow well in groups, as a screen or as a single specimen. Mature trees have a thick, pink and orange-streaked bark that is fire-resistant. Unfortunately invasive in South Africa, especially in the fynbos biome of the Western Cape.

Common problems with Stone Pine

Stone pines can suffer from damage caused by the fungus Diplodia pinea, which causes new shoots to become brown and stunted, and the fungus Mycosphaerella pini (red band needle blight), which causes red bands and spots on needles, and premature defoliation.

    Stone Pine Companion Plants

    Mostly planted on their own.

    How to harvest Stone Pine

    Cones take 3 years to mature before they can be harvested in late winter or spring for the pine nuts.

    How to propagate Stone Pine

    Seed

    The most preferred way of propagation.

    Special features of Stone Pine

    Drought resistant

    The pine fragrance given off by the tree is due to oil released from the leaves. It is thought that the oil may help reduce the amount of water lost from the leaves.

    Hedge plant

    Excellent windbreaker when planted in rows.

    Other uses of Stone Pine

    Medicinal

    The resin of the stone pine contains turpentine which is used as an antiseptic, a remedy for kidney and bladder problems, and to treat skin conditions.

    Edible

    The cones produce edible pine nuts that have been harvested since prehistoric times. They can be eaten raw or roasted and are used in a number of culinary dishes.

    Timber

    A light soft wood popular to use as timber.