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A picture of a Eryngium


Eryngium planum

Also known as

Blue Eryngo, Flat Sea Holly, Blue Glitter, Sea holly

Flat Sea Holly (Eryngium planum) (14240745500) by Bernard DUPONT (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Eryngium

A blue Eryngium planum plant in some lush green grass
A close up of a blue Eryngium planum flower
Some blue Eryngium planum flowers
A photo of Eryngium

Eryngium Overview

Eryngium planum is a striking herbaceous perennial plant. It is used to create decorative borders, beds, pot plants, containers and landscapes. Excellent for cut or dried flower arrangements. The blue colour intensifies with cold weather. Be aware, they can overgrow and invade areas quickly, and with every little root that stays behind in the soil growing into a new plant, they are tricky to remove from an area! This species is part of the Royal Horticultural Society “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants that support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!

Common problems with Eryngium

Root rot (needs dry or well-draining soils). Leaf spot diseases. Aphids, slugs and snails.

How to harvest Eryngium

Harvest flowers when the entire flower heads and bracts turn blue.

How to propagate Eryngium


Propagate seeds in containers in a cold frame as soon as ripe and mature.


Propagate by division during spring, although they may be slow to re-establish.


Insert root cuttings in late winter directly in the soil.

Special features of Eryngium

Attracts useful insects

Butterflies and beetles love the flowers.

Indoor plant

Grows well in pots, beds and containers in well-drained sandy soil under direct light.

Drought resistant

The fleshy roots help the plant to be drought tolerance.

Pot plant

Grows well in pots, beds and containers in well-drained sandy soil.

Attracts birds

Seed-eating songbirds.

Attracts bees

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Eryngium

Borders This plant has been given an OPALS rating of 4 and can be used sparingly in a low allergen planting scheme.


The plant is diuretic. It is also used in the treatment of whooping cough.


The roots are used for medicinal purposes. Taste is sweetish and mucilaginous, but the root has no odour.