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A picture of a Sugarcane

Sugarcane

Saccharum offinarum

Also known as

Suikerriet (Afr.)

Photo by Queen-Cucumber (All rights reserved)

Full Sun
Easy care
Frequent watering
Tender

13b

USDA zone

18°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

5m

Max

2m

3m

Min

50cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Sugarcane Overview

Sugarcane is one of the grass family plants that is popular to be used for sugar production in tropical and subtropical countries. It was already cultivated in New Guinea about 8000 years ago. The strong growing grass quickly reach up to 5m and the rhizome roots spread to fill an area quickly. Fields are usually burnt before harvesting and canes cut. New shoots will soon emerge for the following crop. The plants sometimes produce for up to 10 years!

Common problems with Sugarcane

Stem borers and fungal diseases.

    Sugarcane Companion Plants

    Generally planted on their own.

    How to harvest Sugarcane

    The sugarcane field is burnt to get rid of dry leaves and snakes. The canes are then harvested by hand or machine. This is usually done before flower.

    How to propagate Sugarcane

    Seed

    Seldom

    Division

    Divide the rhizomes and replant.

    Rhizomes

    Rhizomes send up new plants close to the motherplant.

    Cuttings

    Modern plantings start with cane cuttings with at least one eye each.

    Other uses of Sugarcane

    Edible

    Saccharum officinarum and its hybrids are grown for the production of sugar, ethanol, and other industrial uses in tropical and subtropical regions around the world.

    Animal feed

    The stems and the byproducts of the sugar industry are used for feeding to livestock.