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A picture of a Artichoke

Artichoke

Cynara scolymus 'Green Globe'

Also known as

Artisjok (Afr.)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Half-hardy

5a-9b

USDA zone

-29°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

1.5m

50cm

Min

50cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Artichoke Overview

Grown mainly for their large edible flower buds and ornamental enough for the flower garden, the Artichoke is a good addition for your garden. The grey structural foliage and the striking purple flowers will impress you with its ornamental value. 'Green Globe' is a cultivar of Artichoke that has been bred to produce a more uniform flower bud for harvesting. Although it was designed for production, Green Globe has some great ornamental value in a garden.

Common problems with Artichoke

Artichoke Companion Plants

Sunflowers, tarragon

How to harvest Artichoke

Harvest the green flower buds before the scales or bracts have started to open. Remove the bud and 7.5-10 cm of the stem with a sharp knife or secateurs.

How to propagate Artichoke

Seed

Sow in Spring to Summer. Sowing depth ideally 6 mm. Germination time is between 12-18 days.

Division

To keep stock young, divide plants every two to three years and space 1m apart. Also, remove new shoots from underground roots and transplant.

Special features of Artichoke

Attracts bees

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects like bees to the thistle flower.

Drought resistant

The thick underground roots and grey-coloured leaves make it survive hot, dry times.

Other uses of Artichoke

Culinary

Though not commonplace, Artichoke flower buds can be cooked and eaten.

Medicinal

Parts of the plant are used to make homoeopathic remedies for hangovers, IBS, kidney problems and anaemia