India Rubber Fig, Snake Tree, Rubber Tree
Ficus elastica is a tender evergreen tree species in the Moraceae family. Commonly known as a Rubber Tree, this plant produces oval, glossy, leathery, dark green leaves up to 20cm long, red flushed upon emergence. Grow in a well-draining mix, use sand or perlite to improve drainage and this plant does well with being a bit pot-bound, so keep this in mind when repotting. On mature trees grown in open conditions, this plant can reach heights of over 30m. They can produce oblong, yellow fruits from small white flowers with yellow centres. Often grown as a houseplant, it rarely flowers and fruits in household conditions. Originating from Southern Asia, this plant is found growing naturally from Nepal to China and it has been introduced to various locations including Florida and parts of South America, Central Africa and Spain.
Generally not harvested.
Propagate by air layering.
Root semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer.
E Himalaya to N Malaysia.
Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun
Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand