Rubber Plant

Ficus elastica

India Rubber Fig, Snake Tree, Rubber Tree

profile iconIndian rubber tree (533092219)
by Dinesh Valke (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 10
A close up of some green  Rubber Tree Ficus elastica leaves
profile iconIndian rubber tree (533092219)
by Dinesh Valke (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 10
Ficus elastica is a tender evergreen tree species in the Moraceae family. Commonly known as a Rubber Tree, this plant produces oval, glossy, leathery, dark green leaves up to 20cm long, red flushed upon emergence. Grow in a well-draining mix, use sand or perlite to improve drainage and this plant does well with being a bit pot-bound, so keep this in mind when repotting. On mature trees grown in open conditions, this plant can reach heights of over 30m. They can produce oblong, yellow fruits from small white flowers with yellow centres. Often grown as a houseplant, it rarely flowers and fruits in household conditions. Originating from Southern Asia, this plant is found growing naturally from Nepal to China and it has been introduced to various locations including Florida and parts of South America, Central Africa and Spain.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Layering

Propagate by air layering.

Cuttings

Root semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings in spring or summer.

Special features

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

E Himalaya to N Malaysia.

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Moraceae

Flower colour

Green, Insignificant

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

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