Campanula

Campanula spp.

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Campanula is a genus also known by the name bellflower in England after its flower appearance. Scotland and Ireland term this genus bluebell, however it is not related to the true bluebell, Hyacinthoides non-scripta. This large genus contains around 440 annual, biennial and perennial species which range greatly in size and preferred habitat. Generally they are distributed across temperate and subtropical environments in the Northern Hemisphere. Some species in this genus are evergreen and most are easy to grow. Species vary in their flower appearance, ranging from bell to tube to star-shaped flowers in a wide range of colours including blues, pinks, purples and white.
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Planning

Flowering time

Summer

Harvesting

Deadheading the plants regularly will encourage more blooms to develop. Keep the seed heads in paper bags until ready to sow.

Propagation

Cuttings

Basal cuttings in spring.

Division

Division best done in spring or autumn.

Seed

Sow seed directly into the garden in late spring or early summer with only a thin layer of soil covering them. Keep moist, and thin out or replant once the seedlings become large enough.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Ground cover

Species with spreading, mat-forming growth habits form an attractive, dense carpet covering.

Attracts useful insects

Good plants for attracting bees and other pollinating insect wildlife into your garden.

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Cut flower

The long-lasting flowers of some species are used as cut flowers in the floristry industry.

Personality

Family

Campanulaceae

Flower colour

Multicoloured

Scent

Mild
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Knowledge and advice

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