A picture of a Chicory

Chicory

Cichorium intybus f. album

Also known as

Belgian Or French Endive, Blue Daisy, Blue Dandelion, Blue Sailors, Blue Weed, Bunk, Coffeeweed, Horseweed, Ragged Sailors, Succory, Wild Bachelor's Buttons, Wild Endive , Witloof (Afr.)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

8a

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1m

Max

50cm

30cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Chicory Overview

This upright plant has beautiful white flowers. It forms a rosette of deeply toothed leaves with a substantial tap root and a short stalked flower stem over the summer to autumn.

Common problems with Chicory

Pests include aphids (Green peach aphid, Lettuce aphid, Plum aphid), darkling beetles, flea beetles, loopers (Cabbage looper, Alfalfa looper), slugs & snails and thrips. Diseases include anthracnose, bacteral soft rot, bottom rot, damping-off, downy mildew, fusarium wilt, septoria blight, and white mold.

    How to harvest Chicory

    The leaves should be harvested while the leaves are young and tender. If the plants are being grown for their roots then they should be pulled from the soil just before the last frost date. The leaves should be trimmed to about 2.5 cm from the crown and the roots should be trimmed to a uniform size.

    How to propagate Chicory

    Seed

    Sow in Spring or autumn and space plants 20-30 cm apart. Germination time is 8-14 days. Seeds may not come true to type.

    Cuttings

    Root

    Special features of Chicory

    Attracts useful insects

    Attracts insects such as bees.

    Pot plant

    Can grow in large containers which can hold its extensive root systems, and provided it is given enough sunlight and good drainage holes.

    Attracts birds

    Other uses of Chicory

    Culinary, medicinal

    Medicinal

    A treatment for gallstones, gastro-enteritis, sinus problems and cuts and bruises, increases absorption of calcium and other minerals. Well known for its toxicity to internal parasites.

    Edible

    The flowers, leaves and roots are used for salad, baked, ground and used as a coffee substitute and additive. Also grown as food for livestock. The roots are stored in sand to give white leaves.