Solanum

Solanum spp.

Solanum lycopersicum, Tomate 3
by Böhringer Friedrich (CC BY-SA 2.5)
1 of 12
A close up of some red tomatoes on a Solanum plant
Solanum lycopersicum, Tomate 3
by Böhringer Friedrich (CC BY-SA 2.5)
1 of 12
Solanum is a very large and diverse genus containing up to 2000 species of annual, perennial, shrub or twining climbers in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. These may be evergreen or deciduous and this genus includes the economically important crop plants potatoes, tomatoes and aubergines. The genus also includes poisonous plants such as woody nightshade, and many others which are grown as ornamentals. They produce attractive, 5-lobed flowers with distinguished stamens, often in a contrasting colour. These lead onto fleshy fruits. Some species are popular as garden plants, such as Solanum crispum, which is also known as the potato tree, it is a vigorous scrambling climber, grown for its pretty blue-purple flowers with prominent yellow stamens.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Propagation

Seed

Many cultivars will not come true from seed.

Special features

Attractive flowers
Pot plant

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Sand, Chalk, Clay, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Personality

Family

Solanaceae

Flower colour

Multi coloured
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