Mulberry

Morus spp.

profile iconMorus alba Tbilisi
by shioshvili at Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 8
profile iconMorus alba Tbilisi
by shioshvili at Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)
1 of 8
Morus is a genus containing approximately 17 accepted species of deciduous shrubs and trees in the Moraceae family. They have a wide distribution in temperate regions worldwide, they are also extensively cultivated and naturalised. They have broad, ovate leaves, sometimes divided into deep lobes, and small green-yellow flowers followed by edible black, red or white fruits. Commonly known as mulberries, these plants are mainly grown for their fruit, which are typically used to make preserves. Leaves of the white mulberry tree, Morus alba, provide food for silkworms. This species of Morus has been extensively planted throughout the world as development for the silk industry. This genus contains ornamental trees, and there are many cultivars with a diverse range of growth habits that have been bred.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

Harvest fruit fresh daily as soon as the entire berries are a deep, all over colour and easily removed from the stalk. You could shake the tree and try to catch the berries in a net underneath! The fruit fall as soon as fully ripe, it is best, therefore, to grow the tree in short grass to cushion the fall of the fruit, but to still make it possible to easily find and harvest.

Propagation

Cuttings

Semi-hardwood cuttings in mid-summer.

Seed

Sow outdoors in autumn-winter; Germination time - 1-3 months. Keep moist!

Special features

Attractive fruits

Special features

Origin

Southwest Asia.

Natural climate

Temperate to warm

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Clay, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

There is a long history of medicinal use in Chinese medicine. The leaves, bark and fruits of species such as Morus alba are used in Chinese medicine for coughs, colds, diabetes and constipation. It is also used to treat snakebites, among other illnesses across the world.

Culinary

Ripe fruits are used to make jams, jellies, and syrups. The leaves make a good vegetable, cooked or dried. The leaves of Morus species are the preferred feedstock for silkworms and other livestock.

Personality

Family

Moraceae

Flower colour

Green, Yellow

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

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