Summer Squash Overview
Cucurbita pepo is a widely cultivated plant from the genus Cucurbita and the Cucurbitaceae family. Different cultivars have been developed from this species, which give rise to many commonly cultivated vegetables such as Pumpkins, Courgettes, Squashes and Marrows. Cucurbita pepo yields multiple varieties of Winter Squash and Pumpkin, the most widespread varieties belong to Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo, called Summer Squash. Summer Squash are squashes that are harvested when immature, while the rind is still tender and edible. Most Summer Squashes are varieties of Cucurbita pepo, though not all Cucurbita pepo plants are considered Summer Squashes. Nearly all summer squash have a bushy growth habit, unlike the rambling vines of many Winter Squashes. The name "Summer Squash" refers to the short storage life of these squashes, unlike that of Winter Squashes. Some Summer Squashes include: Cousa squash, pale-colored zucchini varieties purportedly of Middle Eastern or West Asian descent. Not to be confused with Cushaw, a type of Winter Squash. Pattypan Squash (scallop squash). Tromboncino or Zucchetta, unusual among summer squash as being a vining plant and a Cucurbita moschata variety. Crookneck squash. Straightneck squash. Zucchini (courgette). Immature ridge gourd luffa is used as a summer squash in India, where it is known as turai or dodka. Aehobak (Korean zucchini) belongs to the species Cucurbita moschata.