Paeonia

Paeonia spp.

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Paeonia is a genus of around 36 herbaceous perennial plants or deciduous subshrubs. They reside in the Paeoniaceae family and are native to Asia, Europe and Western North America. They have large, compound, deeply divided leaves and large, showy, often fragrant flowers. These plants have been extensively cultivated in China and in Europe since the 15th Century. There is a wide variety of cultivars and hybrids with diverse growth habits, flower colours and forms available. Some have won the Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit and are included in the “Plants for Pollinators” initiative.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Propagation

Division

Divide in autumn or early in spring.

Seed

Many species can be propagated by seed.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Special features

Origin

Asia, Europe and Western North America.

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Sand, Loam, Clay, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Paeoniaceae

Flower colour

Multicoloured, Red, White, Pink, Yellow

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