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A picture of a Hop tree

Hop tree

Ptelea spp.

Also known as

Shrubby trefoil

Ptelea trifoliata 1 by Franz Xaver (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Partial Shade
Moderate watering


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size





  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Hop tree

Ptelea trifoliata 1
A photo of Hop tree

Hop tree Overview

A small genus of large deciduous flowering shrubs in the citrus family native to North America with somewhat unpleasantly scented trifoliate leaves and green-yellow flowers followed by flat, disc-shaped winged fruits that resemble those of the Elm tree. Members of the genus are known by the common name hoptree as they were used to brew beer by early settlers in the New World. In cultivation they require a well-drained soil in full sun or dappled shade.

How to propagate Hop tree


Propagation is by seed in the autumn.


Layering and grafting in spring.


Other uses of Hop tree

Grown for their foliage and fruits.

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Winter tree roots are packed full of carbs, giving cuttings the best chance to get established.

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