Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea spp.

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Starr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
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Starr 030418-0058 Bougainvillea spectabilis by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)
1 of 6
Bougainvillea is a genus from the Nyctaginaceae family that contains around 16 evergreen or deciduous woody, climbing vines, subshrubs and tree species. These tender plants originate from tropical and subtropical regions of South America. Give them plenty of space in a bright sunny position and nutrient-rich, well-draining soil. They tend to be evergreen in wet climates and deciduous in climates with dry periods and grow to between 1-12m tall. These plants have characteristic, black-tipped thorns resulting from wax production and small, usually white, flowers. Thin, papery modified leaves around the flowers produce showy bright colours including purple, magenta, pink, red, orange, white or yellow, making them a popular garden plant. They are particularly effective when grown on a pergola, arbour, arch or against the wall of a house.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Propagation

Cuttings

Root softwood cuttings in early spring, and semi-ripe cuttings in summer.

Layering

Layer in early autumn or in spring.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Three colourful, petal-like bracts resemble flowers and are borne in terminal clusters.

Attracts butterflies

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees

Special features

Origin

South America

Natural climate

Tropical and subtropical

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Flower colour

Pink, Red, Purple, Orange, Multicoloured

Scent

None