Bougainvillea is a genus from the Nyctaginaceae family that contains around 16 evergreen or deciduous woody, climbing vines, subshrubs and tree species. These tender plants originate from tropical and subtropical regions of South America. Give them plenty of space in a bright sunny position and nutrient-rich, well-draining soil. They tend to be evergreen in wet climates and deciduous in climates with dry periods and grow to between 1-12m tall. These plants have characteristic, black-tipped thorns resulting from wax production and small, usually white, flowers. Thin, papery modified leaves around the flowers produce showy bright colours including purple, magenta, pink, red, orange, white or yellow, making them a popular garden plant. They are particularly effective when grown on a pergola, arbour, arch or against the wall of a house.
Root softwood cuttings in early spring, and semi-ripe cuttings in summer.
Layer in early autumn or in spring.
Three colourful, petal-like bracts resemble flowers and are borne in terminal clusters.
Attracts useful insects
Tropical and subtropical
Soil PH preference
Pink, Red, Purple, Orange, Multicoloured