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A picture of a Heartsease


Viola tricolor

Also known as

Wild Pansy, Heart's Ease, Jack jump up and kiss me, Loving idol, Kiss her in the buttery, Johnny-jump-up, Pansy

Viola tricolor by Tom.k (CC BY-SA 2.5)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size








2 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Heartsease

A photo of Heartsease
A photo of Heartsease
A photo of Heartsease
A photo of Heartsease
A photo of Heartsease

Heartsease Overview

Viola tricolor is commonly known as Wild Pansy, Heartsease or Three-Coloured Violet, amongst many other common names, after the colourful flowers. Often found in the wild in Northern Europe, its native range extends across most of Europe, western Siberia and northwestern Iran. It has spread into both North and South America and may be found in areas of Aisa and Africa too. This attractive short-lived evergreen perennial plant is part of the Violaceae family and is it widely grown as a summer bedding garden plant. Often as an annual or biennial plant as it tends to lose flowering vigour as it ages. It has a spreading habit and may be used as groundcover or bedding. Viola tricolor produces lance-shaped foliage and colourful white, purple and yellow flowers measuring around 2.5cm across. Grow in full sun and moist, well-draining soil. Wild Pansy flowers over a long period, from spring to autumn and can self-seed easily. Deadhead regularly to encourage repeat flowering. This charming wildflower produces flowers of variable pattern and colouring, usually some shade of yellow, white and blue to purple. Many cultivars have been developed from this species. Sow in autumn or late winter-early spring. Cold treatment may aid germination, plant in autumn for flowers next year. Water regularly, particularly during warm weather.

Common problems with Heartsease

How to propagate Heartsease



Popagate by seed; the annuals sown according to flowering season. Species may also be propagated by seed in spring or autumn.


Special features of Heartsease

Ground cover

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Heartsease

Border, edging, rock garden, greenhouse, wildflower/meadow. Suitable for coastal conditions.