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A picture of a Crack Willow

Crack Willow

Salix fragilis

Also known as

Brittle willow, Willow

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


USDA zone


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Crack Willow

A close up of a green Salix fragilis plant
A large Salix fragilis tree in a field
A close up of some yellow Salix fragilis flowers on a tree
A photo of Crack Willow
A close up of some green Salix fragilis leaves

Crack Willow Overview

Salix fragilis is a deciduous tree species from the Salicaceae family. Originating from Turkey, it is commonly known by the names Crack Willow and Brittle Willow, amongst others. It is hardy and has a bushy habit and may form multiple trunks, easily growing to 12m in height. Leaves are bright green with finely serrated edges and measure between 9-15cm in length. Young foliage has fine hairs, which are reduced over time, tending to have a few on the underside of older leaves. The leaves appear from narrow, buds which lie close to the stems. Flowers form from late spring to early summer, after the leaves. They are arranged in catkin structures and this species is dioecious and so produces male and female flowers on different plants. The female flowers are green and the male flowers yellow. Bark is coloured dark grey-brown and has a fissured texture. Stems are flexible and yellow-brown in colour.

Common problems with Crack Willow

How to propagate Crack Willow


You can propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in the summer, by hardwood cuttings in the winter, by seed.



By layering.

Other uses of Crack Willow

Grown for their habit, foliage, catkins and, in some cases, colourful winter shoots. Suitable for coastal conditions. Attracts butterflies