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A picture of a Carrot

Carrot

Daucus carota ssp. sativus

Starr 070730-7894 Daucus carota subsp. sativus by Forest & Kim Starr (CC BY 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Frequent watering
Frost Hardy

9a

USDA zone

-7°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

50cm

20cm

Min

10cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images

Daucus carota subsp. sativus,Karotten
A photo of Carrot
A photo of Carrot

Overview

Daucus carota subsp. sativus is a plant that most domestic carrots are cultivated from. This subspecies resides in the Apiaceae family and it evolved from the Wild Carrot species, Daucus carota. Different subspecies evolved to adapt to different climates in different regions of the world. Carrots produce large edible taproots that can range in colour from white to yellow, red and purple depending on the variety. This plant produces thick, sweet, orange roots, termed Carrots. Another subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. carota produces thin, bitter-tasting, white and inedible roots.

Common problems

Carrots can suffer from Thielaviopsis basicola (Black Root rot), Xanthomonas campestris pv. carotae (Leaf blight) and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (White mould)

Companion plants

Lettuce, onions, radish, tomatoes, basil, parsley, rocket

Harvesting

Carrots can be harvested 8 - 12 weeks after sowing, or as soon as they have reached the preferred size.

Propagation

Seed

Direct sow seeds 1 cm deep and rows 30 cm apart. Germination occurs in 10 to 20 days after which the seedlings should be thinned. Sowing time - Spring/Summer or right through the year in warmer climates.

Special Features

Crop rotation

Do not plant root crops on the same soil to prevent soil diseases. Rotate with other crops.

Uses

Culinary

Edible

The taproot is edible fresh, cooked or preserved.

Medicinal

High vitamin A value! The beta-carotene helps good eye-sight.