Holly

Ilex spp.

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Ilex is a large genus of deciduous and evergreen shrubs and trees. They are native to temperate, subtropical and tropical regions worldwide, and are commonly known as holly. They are distinguished by their glossy, sometimes spiny leaves, and showy berries in autumn and winter - which also attract birds. Often found in woodland, they are popular as ornamentals - as specimen trees or hedges - and this genus is often strongly associated with Christmas. The berries are toxic if ingested.

Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn, Winter

Propagation

Special features

Attractive leaves

Attracts birds

Attractive fruits

Winter colour

Autumn colour

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand, Clay

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Aquifoliaceae

Flower colour

Insignificant

Scent

None