Ctenarytaina eucalypti

Ctenarytaina eucalypti

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by Jesse Rorabaugh (CC0)
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A close up of a Ctenarytaina eucalypti Eucalyptus sucker on a leaf
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by Jesse Rorabaugh (CC0)
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Eucalyptus sucker, or psyllid, is a species of insect closely related to aphids. They feed in the same way, by sucking the sap from plant leaves. They are also referred to as 'jumping plant lice'; because they have long hind legs that they used to jump from leaf to leaf, similar to a leafhopper. These suckers are an invasive species originating in Australia, which became established in Britain during the 1920s. They are now widespread throughout the UK.
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Traits

A good food resource for predatory insects.
Sucker insects produce honeydew as a byproduct of feeding. This sticky secretion encourages the growth of black mould.

Appearance

This species is easily recognised in the UK as it's the only psyllid belonging to the Ctenarytaina genera in the country. Adults are pale yellow, reaching 4mm big. Their head-plate, or dorsum, are dark brown. Nymphs look like mini versions of the adult, are tiny (1.5mm), and wingless. They become covered with copious amounts of honeydew, making the infected site prone to black sooty mould. Eggs are even smaller and pale yellow. Eggs are laid singularly so are difficult to see with the naked eye.

Symptoms

You may see these small insects dotted about areas of new growth on your plant. Leaves may be covered in clear sticky honeydew, or, possibly a black sooty mould. Although unattractive, these insects will not be detrimental to the plant and are tolerable.

Activity

Diurnal

Personality

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Psyllidae

Metamorphosis

Incomplete

Distribution

These insects have been accidentally introduced to areas of the world wich commercially grow eucalyptus, which include: California, Sri Lanka, South Africa, South America and are widespread across Europe.

Biological treatment

If infestations are heavy, it's advised to pick off infected leaves. Use these pests to attract natural enemies to your garden, such as hoverfly larvae. There are organic pesticides containing natural pyrethrum which can be effective against suckers, these must be applied on the effective site over a series of applications. Please read instructions prior to application.

Chemical treatment

Chemical treatment is usually unnecessary as the damage caused bu this insect is normally only minor.

Attracts

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Knowledge and advice

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