Red Spider Mite
Red Spider Mite, Two Spotted Spider Mite , Spider Mite
Tetranychus urticae, or Red Spider Mite, is a tiny 8-legged arachnid. They belong to a family called Tetranychidae which contains many other cell-sucking mites considered serious plant pests. They're barely visible with the naked eye, so they can be difficult to identify, and even detect on plants. Tetranychus urticae is by far one of the most common species found worldwide. Spider Mites are especially common in glasshouses, where temperatures are warm. They're a frequent pest of houseplants, too. One of the main symptoms to look out for is tiny, dusty cobwebs. They're easier to spot in front of a light. Leaf mottling is another common symptom associated with Spider Mites. They have a broad host range, feeding on anything to vegetables, fruits and ornamental plants such as roses.
Sucks plant cells resulting in yellow mottling and reduced photosynthesis.
Adult: They're extremely small, yellowish-green or red-brown mites that you can barely see with the naked eye, so they're fairly tricky to diagnose. The key is to monitor the plant symptoms. They measure below 0.4mm in length.
Fine, dusty webbing on foliage. Yellow mottling on leaves. Leaf yellowing. Dried up leaves. Premature leaf fall. Loss of vigour.
Try to keep glasshouses clear of debris over the winter, as this provides great hiding spots for Spider Mite. Likewise, try to keep gardening tools clean and disinfect them at the end of each season. If a Spider Mite infestation is suspected, plants should be treated as soon as possible. Try to remove the parts of the plants infested, if feasible. Spider Mite thrive in dry conditions, so increasing humidity in the glasshouse can make conditions unfavourable. Spritzing leaves and stems with water indoors can help, too. Natural plant oil and extract containing products can help tackle Spider Mite. Using surfactants can help to control mite numbers, too. Within a heated glasshouse, year-round the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis may be used as a form of biological control. It is effective at consuming spider mites at each stage of their life cycle. Predatory ladybugs or lacewing love to eat spider mites. If you see any in your garden, help them out and pop them on your infested greenhouse plants.
Insecticidal soaps or products containing pyrethroids should be used as a last resort as they can negatively affect other beneficial insects. If a chemical option is sought, check with your local garden centre and please take care to follow the manufacturers' instructions. Check with your local regulating body for guidance on active ingredients and their authorisation for use. Avoid spraying flowers and stick to spraying in the mornings and evenings. Bioneem / Biocure sprays can be effective fighting this pest.