These insects undergo a type of development which involves a series of moults. With every moult, the insect grows larger in size and is one step closer to adulthood!
Adults: Mature insects are wedge-shaped, with the heads being the broadest, the tail end narrower in width. The eyes are typically large and bulbous; they're often compared to a frog, which is why they're frequently confused with froghoppers. Many species demonstrate impressive colouration- sporting vivid shades of green, yellow, red and blue. Nonetheless, they can also be drab in colour so that they can blend into the environment.
Nymphs: Juvenile insects are typically smaller than adults; they also lack the vivid colouration and comprise just one pale colour.
Eggs: Dependent on species. Eggs are injected into plant tissue so often go unnoticed by gardeners.
Tip: Distinguish froghoppers (Superfamily: Cercopoidea) from leafhoppers (Family: Cicadellidae) using the hind legs. A leafhopper will have 1 to 3 rows of fine, thin, spines, whereas; a froghopper possesses two wide and thick spines on the outer edge of the hindleg.