Black vine weevil
Black vine weevil, Kalander (Afr.), Snout beetle (Eng.), Snuitkewer (Afr.)
1 of 4
1 of 4
Vine weevil is a type of beetle that feeds off of a broad range of plants, both indoors and out. However, it has the most effect on plants that are grown in containers. They can be found in spring and summer eating leaves, but during autumn and winter, the grubs cause the most damage by feeding off the roots, which can cause the plant to wilt and possibly die.
Grubs feed off the roots to plants resulting in wilting plant death.
Vine weevil eggs are a source of food for predatory insects.
The adult weevil is a dark black, matte colour and have fused wing covers so are unable to fly. They have six legs and two long antennas on their head. They're nocturnal, so they come out at night to feed on the outer parts of leaves. The grubs are white with light brown heads that measure around 10mm in length.
You may see irregular notches in your leaf margins during the summer months. When digging up plants you can find white grubs with light brown heads, and these cause the plants to wilt and die during the autumn and winter months through feeding on plant roots.
Nematodes can be used and introduced to the soils of your plants, and you can buy these from some garden centres or online. You can use them in both containers or open ground. By using nematodes such as Steinernema kraussei, you can help to reduce any grubs that are in the soil. These should be applied from August to early September for the best results, as larvae will be smaller in size and not have caused too much damage already. With the adult weevils, you can pick them off by hand when they come out at night or use sticky barriers to catch them on.
The systemic neonicotinoid insecticide, acetamiprid can be used as a liquid drench that you apply to the compost, this gives protection against grubs for up to 4 months and should be done between mid to late summer.
Attracts this pest
Ornamental plants and fruit plants, in particular vines, Primula, Rhododendron, Heuchera, Cyclamen and strawberries.