Early Mining Bee

Andrena haemorrhoa

Early Mining Bee, Orange-Tailed Mining Bee

profile iconEarly Mining Bee (8701492973)
by Ian Kirk (CC BY 2.0)
1 of 13
A close up photograph of an Early Mining Bee Andrena haemorrhoa on a leaf
profile iconEarly Mining Bee (8701492973)
by Ian Kirk (CC BY 2.0)
1 of 13
Andrena haemorrhoa emerge as early as March, hence their common names. They are a little like honey bees, showing similarities in shape and size. What sets them apart is the thoraxes which boast fuzzy plushes of auburn hair. These bees will readily nest in lawns, pathways and other flat planes of grass. Little, miniature mounds of earth with a small entry hole is a clear sign of mining bee activity. They enjoy the nectar of the earlier blooming flowers, such as Hawthorn and Sallow. They're also key pollinators of fruit blossoms, so can improve your yields if you let them bee!
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Traits

Hairy bees that are capable of pollinating many flowers a day!
These bees may create burrows in garden lawns.

Appearance

Adults: Females are slightly smaller than a honeybee. They possess a red-auburn pile of hair on the thorax; paired with a slightly shiny, black, hairless abdomen. There's duller, yellow hairs on the legs. The hairs on the male's thorax are more chocolate brown when compared with females. The males are about 2mm smaller than the females. Larvae and Eggs: Gardeners rarely see these because they spend the entirety of their development in burrows.

Symptoms

May burrow in garden lawns. Tiny, fuzzy bees that hover above the ground.

Activity

Diurnal

Personality

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Metamorphosis

Complete

Distribution

The UK, Europe and the USA

Biological treatment

It's not recommended to treat gardens with Andrena bees because they're key garden pollinators. They possess an array of natural enemies, from bees to parasitic bees and wasps. Attract them into your garden by letting the dandelions grow, or by planting an array of indigenous plants which bloom throughout the Spring and Summer.

Chemical treatment

These bees are top pollinators; ideally, they shouldn't be removed.

Attracts this pest

Attract these cute little bees into your green spaces by planting the below plants. They'll readily nest in garden lawns, playing fields, parks as well as on dirt paths and other areas of dry ground.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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