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A picture of a Scarlet Firethorn

Scarlet Firethorn

Pyracantha coccinea

Also known as

Firethorn, Buisson Ardent, Egyptian Thorn, Everlasting Thorn, Fire Bush

Brosen pyracantha coccinea1 by Brosen (CC BY 2.5)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

8a

USDA zone

-12°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

3m

Max

2.5m

1m

Min

1m

5 to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Scarlet Firethorn

A Pyracantha coccinea plant
Pyracantha coccinea
Some Pyracantha coccinea with green leaves and red berries
A photo of Scarlet Firethorn
A photo of Scarlet Firethorn

Scarlet Firethorn Overview

Pyracantha coccinea is a bushy, upright, evergreen shrub or small tree with dark green leaves and spiny stems. Tiny, creamy-white flowers appear in May, followed by clusters of bright red berries which remain well into winter. Also known by the names Scarlet Firethorn and Buisson Ardent. This plant provides year-round interest and as it is extremely 'prickly', it's a popular choice for hedges and screening around garden boundaries that acts as a useful intruder deterrent! Easy to grow in most moist, well-drained soils and tolerant of partial shade and pollution, it only needs light pruning. Plant it in a position with shelter from cold, drying winds. Pyracantha coccinea berries are a good source of winter food for birds. Many cultivars have been developed for garden use from this species.

Common problems with Scarlet Firethorn

How to propagate Scarlet Firethorn

Cuttings

Semi-hardwood from late spring to summer.

Seed

Special features of Scarlet Firethorn

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Attracts bees

Attracts useful insects

Attracts birds

Hedge plant

Other uses of Scarlet Firethorn

Hedging, ornamental, fruit, fragrance, wall or trellis. Suitable for coastal conditions.